In 1982 a U.N Convention agreed The 200 mile exclusive economic zone, with the UN Convention on the Law of the
Sea when the 200 nautical mile exclusive economic zone was formally adopted, which Britain accepted after years of rejecting and ignoring Icelands regional fishing demands for its regional fishing right.
The Icelandic 'Cod Wars'
Britain started fishing near Iceland in the 15th century.
The first cod war started in 1415 between Britain and Norway, over Norways sole trading agreeent with Iceland that Britain was breaching. [Icelandic historians record 10 cod wars]
In 1958 Iceland expanded its fishing zone from 4 to 12 miles. [The 'first cod war' - in Iceland 8th cod war]
In 1972 Iceland extended its fishing limits to 50 nautical miles. [The second cod war]
In 1975 Iceland extended its 'Exclusiive
fishing ground' to 200 n-miles. [The third cod war.]
In 1976 with Britain continueing fishing within the Icelandic economic zone, Iceland attempted to purchase U.S 240 ton 50 meter fast patrol gun boats but the sale was denied by Henry Kissinger.
Iceland turned to purchase Soviet eqivelent price Frigate class 950 ton 82 meter war ships. During the deal build up, Iceland declared its intent [threat] to withdraw from NATO. This would deny America access to Icelands NATO harbour facility.
denied being behind the British compromise to remove half its trailers from Icelands 200 mile boundery. Soon after NATO mediated sessions agreed with Britain to a limit of 24 trawlers within the 200 mile zone and a limit of 30,000 tons of fish.
1982 The United Nations Conference on the law of the sea agreed the exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles. End of British intrusion.